The ADHD Blog from ADHD Experts
How Do Psychiatric Comorbidities Affect Risk of Premature Death Among Children and Adults with ADHD?The Nordic countries maintain detailed registers of their inhabitants. This enables researchers to examine patterns over entire nations. An international research team used the Swedish national registers for a prospective cohort study of 2,675,615 persons in the Medical Birth Register born in Sweden over a 27-year period from January 1, 1983 through December 31, 2009. Follow-up was completed in December 2013, with the oldest cohort member aged 31. The mean age at study entry was 6, and the Read moreADHD, especially when untreated impairs patients and creates difficulties in families. Although these are the proximal targets of treatment, ADHD also burdens society due, for example, to underemployment and use of health resources. A recent study assessed economic burden using the Danish population registries, researchers, which link medical information with employment, education, crime, and social care registers while maintaining confidentiality. They identified 5,269 adults with adult Read moreA newly published meta-analysis of 57 studies encompassing almost a third of a million participants has uncovered a very strong association between ADHD and suicide, a strong association with suicidal ideation, and a small-to-medium association with suicide attempts. The population examined included children, adolescents, and adults. Only persons formally diagnosed were considered to have ADHD. Studies that included self-injuries without suicidal intent were excluded. Most of the studies Read moreA Canadian team has published a systematic review examining the effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) for treating adults with ADHD. MBIs usually involve three forms of meditation – body scan, sitting meditation, and mindful yoga – that are intended to cultivate nonjudgmental awareness of present-moment experience. The team reviewed thirteen studies. Three were single-group studies with no control group. One used dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). It reported mild to Read moreThe study team began with a representative sample of 69,972 U.S. adults aged 18 years or older who completed the 2012 and 2013 U.S. National Health and Wellness Survey. These adults were invited to complete the Validate Attitudes and Lifestyle Issues in Depression, ADHD and Troubles with Eating (VALIDATE) study, which included 1) a customized questionnaire designed to collect data on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and lifestyle, and 2) several validated work productivity, Read moreThe ENIGMA-ADHD Working Group published their second large study on the brains of people with ADHD in the American Journal of Psychiatry this month. In this second study, the focus was on the cerebral cortex, which is the outer layer of the brain. ADHD symptoms include inattention and/or hyperactivity and acting impulsively. The disorder affects more than one in 20 (5.3%) children, and two-thirds of those diagnosed continue to experience symptoms as adults. In this study, researchers Read moreA team at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) has just reported on the first-ever, double-blinded, sham-controlled study of trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) for treating ADHD. The trigeminal nerve is the largest cranial nerve. It enables facial sensation, as well as biting and chewing. Over a four-week period, researchers fitted 62 eight-to-twelve-year-old children with electrodes while they slept; 32 got an active low current, the rest none at all. The active and sham Read moreMany college students truly have ADHD and deserve to be treated but some attempt to fake ADHD symptoms with the goal of getting stimulant medications for non-medical uses such as studying and getting high. Some students who fake ADHD also seek to gain accommodations that would give them additional time to complete exams. To address this issue, two psychologists examined data from 514 university students being assessed for ADHD to evaluate the ability of assessment tools to detect students Read more
Association Found Between ADHD Risk Genes Involved in Dopamine Signaling and Reduced Estimated Life ExpectancyBehavioral disinhibition is a trait associated with both ADHD and several genes that affect dopamine signaling. A new study by three American medical researchers set out to examine how these ADHD risk genes – DRD4 (dopamine 4 receptor density), DAT1 (dopamine 1 transporter), and DBH (dopamine beta-hydroxylase) – affect estimated life expectancy in young adulthood. The method used was a longitudinal study of 131 hyperactive children and 71 matched controls through early adulthood. The Read moreADHD is far more prevalent among persons with AUD (roughly 20 percent) than it is in the general population. The most accurate way of identifying ADHD is through structured clinical interviews. Given that this is not feasible in routine clinical settings, ADHD self-report scales offer a less reliable but much less resource-intensive alternative. Could the latter be calibrated in a way that would yield diagnoses that better correspond with the former? A German team compared the outcomes Read more
Regular ADHD Bloggers
- What’s the Relationship Between Daytime Sleepiness and Cognitive Functioning in Adults with ADHD?
- ADHD in College Students
- ADHD is Underdiagnosed, to Varying Degrees, Among Adults of Different Ethnicities, Ages, and Education Levels in the U.S.
- How effective are ADHD medications in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?
- Addressing the Challenge of Under-Diagnosed Adult ADHD
ADHD Blog Categories
- About ADHD (30)
- ADHD and Comorbidity (36)
- ADHD Demographics (20)
- ADHD Diagnosis (5)
- ADHD Medications (23)
- ADHD Parenting and Family (10)
- ADHD Screening and Diagnosis (6)
- ADHD Symptoms (5)
- ADHD Therapies (13)
- ADHD Treatment (20)
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (1)
- Natural Remedies for ADHD (8)
- Uncategorized (2)