We train health care professionals and
the public about ADHD in Adults
with the latest evidence-based content
from International Experts.

Program Committee: Stephen V. Faraone, PhD, Program Director;
Lenard Adler, MD, David Goodman, MD, Co-Chairs, APSARD Education Committee;
Jonathan Marx, MBA, Media and Marketing Director

ADHD and Comorbidity

Many conditions and disorders are comorbid with ADHD – they co-exist with ADHD.
Anxiety, depression, substance use, alcoholism, bipolar disorder, obesity, eating disorders.

What’s the Relationship Between Daytime Sleepiness and Cognitive Functioning in Adults with ADHD?

Sleep disorders are one of the most commonly self-reported comorbidities of adults with ADHD, affecting 50 to 70 percent of them. A team of British researchers set out to see whether this association could be further confirmed with objective sleep measures, using cognitive function tests and electroencephalography (EEG). Measured as theta/beta ratio, EEG slowing is …

What’s the Relationship Between Daytime Sleepiness and Cognitive Functioning in Adults with ADHD? Read More »

How effective are ADHD medications in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is frequently comorbid with ADHD. Among adults with ADHD, as many as half are reported to also have ASD. A Dutch team set out to answer two questions: Do adults with ADHD and comorbid ASD experience less effectiveness of pharmacological treatment for ADHD than adults with only ADHD? Do adults with …

How effective are ADHD medications in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)? Read More »

Long-Acting Liquid Methylphenidate for Treating ADHD in Intellectually Capable Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

A team from Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital conducted a six-week open-label trial of liquid-formulation extended-release methylphenidate (MPH-ER) to treat ADHD in adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HF-ASD). ASD is a lifelong disorder with deficits in social communication and interaction and restricted, repetitive behaviors. Roughly half of those diagnosed with ASD also …

Long-Acting Liquid Methylphenidate for Treating ADHD in Intellectually Capable Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder Read More »

How Do Psychiatric Comorbidities Affect Risk of Premature Death Among Children and Adults with ADHD?

The Nordic countries maintain detailed registers of their inhabitants. This enables researchers to examine patterns over entire nations. An international research team used the Swedish national registers for a prospective cohort study of 2,675,615 persons in the Medical Birth Register born in Sweden over a 27-year period from January 1, 1983 through December 31, 2009. …

How Do Psychiatric Comorbidities Affect Risk of Premature Death Among Children and Adults with ADHD? Read More »

Meta-analysis finds association between ADHD and suicidal behaviors

A newly published meta-analysis of 57 studies encompassing almost a third of a million participants has uncovered a very strong association between ADHD and suicide, a strong association with suicidal ideation, and a small-to-medium association with suicide attempts. The population examined included children, adolescents, and adults. Only persons formally diagnosed were considered to have ADHD. …

Meta-analysis finds association between ADHD and suicidal behaviors Read More »

Association Found Between ADHD Risk Genes Involved in Dopamine Signaling and Reduced Estimated Life Expectancy

Behavioral disinhibition is a trait associated with both ADHD and several genes that affect dopamine signaling. A new study by three American medical researchers set out to examine how these ADHD risk genes – DRD4 (dopamine 4 receptor density), DAT1 (dopamine 1 transporter), and DBH (dopamine beta-hydroxylase) – affect estimated life expectancy in young adulthood. …

Association Found Between ADHD Risk Genes Involved in Dopamine Signaling and Reduced Estimated Life Expectancy Read More »

How to Identify ADHD in Adults with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD)

ADHD is far more prevalent among persons with AUD (roughly 20 percent) than it is in the general population. The most accurate way of identifying ADHD is through structured clinical interviews. Given that this is not feasible in routine clinical settings, ADHD self-report scales offer a less reliable but much less resource-intensive alternative. Could the …

How to Identify ADHD in Adults with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) Read More »

Is There A Relationship Between ADHD And Migraines?

A Danish team recruited 29,489 participants from among voluntary blood donors between the ages of 17 and 67, ensuring a large sample size. Participants were asked to complete two simple questionnaires on digital tablets. One asked two questions: “Have you ever had migraine?” and “Have you ever had visual disturbances lasting 5-60 min followed by …

Is There A Relationship Between ADHD And Migraines? Read More »

ADHD Is A Risk Factor For Type Two Diabetes And High Blood Pressure, As Well As Other Psychiatric Disorders

All Swedish residents have their health records tracked through unique personal identity numbers. That makes it possible to identify psychiatric and medical disorders with great accuracy across an entire population, in this case encompassing more than five and a half million adults aged 18 to 64. A subgroup of more than 1.6 million persons between …

ADHD Is A Risk Factor For Type Two Diabetes And High Blood Pressure, As Well As Other Psychiatric Disorders Read More »

Guidelines for Screening, Diagnosing, and Managing ADHD in Children with Epilepsy

A working group of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), consisting of twenty experts spanning the globe (U.S., U.K., France, Germany, Japan, India, South Africa, Kenya, Brazil), recently published a “consensus paper” summarizing and evaluating what is currently known about comorbid epilepsy with ADHD, and best practices. ADHD is two to five times more prevalent …

Guidelines for Screening, Diagnosing, and Managing ADHD in Children with Epilepsy Read More »